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Top 25 SAP Interview Questions and Answers

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So, you are preparing for your SAP interview? Well, we know how nerve-wracking interviews can be. But imagine if you already know what the interviewer is going to ask. It will make your life so much easier. While we can’t really read the interviewer’s mind (unless you’ve got superpowers), there is a close solution – reviewing the most commonly asked SAP interview questions.

In this article, we’ll walk you through the top 25 SAP interview questions and provide straightforward answers to help you feel confident and ready to tackle any curveballs thrown your way. 

Let’s start your SAP interview preparation!

Understanding the SAP Job Market in India

What is SAP?

SAP (System Applications and Products in Data Processing) is the leading provider of ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) software globally. It provides solutions for business process management, helping companies run their operations efficiently and adapt to changing needs.

Growth of the SAP Job Market in India

The SAP job market in India is experiencing rapid growth due to the increasing adoption of SAP software by businesses across various industries. 

Data shows that,

  • India is the fourth biggest market for SAP.  
  • Around 60,719 in India use SAP software solutions. 
  • SAP powers 95% of India’s top 500 companies with its digital solutions.

As a result, the demand for SAP professionals is on the rise.

Top Indian IT Companies Seeking SAP Professionals

  • Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)
  • IBM India
  • Infosys
  • Accenture India
  • Wipro
  • HCL Technologies
  • HP India
  • ITC Infotech

These companies offer rewarding career opportunities and competitive salaries in the SAP field. If you are looking for SAP job opportunities in the IT sector, visit Hirist. 

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SAP Interview Questions for Freshers

Here are some of the most-asked SAP questions and answers for freshers: 

  1. What is ERP? Name the different types of ERP.

ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) is a software system that integrates various business processes and functions into a unified platform. It helps streamline operations, enhance efficiency, and facilitate data sharing across departments.

Different types of ERP systems include, 

  • Microsoft Dynamics
  • SAP
  • Siebel
  • Peoplesoft
  • Sage ERP
  • Baan
  • JD Edwards
  • Oracle E-Business Suite
  • NetSuite
  1. Can you explain what SAP is and its significance in the business world?

SAP (Systems, Applications, and Products in Data Processing) is a leading enterprise resource planning (ERP) software used by businesses worldwide. 

It integrates various business functions like finance, HR, procurement, and manufacturing into a single system, streamlining operations and improving efficiency. 

In the business world, SAP is significant because it helps companies organise their data, streamline processes, and make better decisions, ultimately leading to improved efficiency and competitiveness.

  1. Describe the different modules available in SAP.

The different modules of SAP include,

  • FI – Financial Accounting 
  • MM – Materials Management
  • BW – Business Warehousing 
  • PP – Production Planning 
  • EC – Enterprise Controlling 
  • HR – Human Resource 
  • TR – Treasury 
  • CO – Controlling
  • SD – Sales and Distribution 
  • QM – Quality Management 
  • IM – Investment Management 
  • PM – Plant Maintenance 

SAP also provides special solutions for specific industries.

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  1. What motivated you to pursue a career in SAP?
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“I pursued a career in SAP due to its significant role in business operations. Witnessing its ability to streamline processes and improve efficiency inspired me. I aimed to contribute to this impactful technology and advance professionally in a field that offers continuous growth.”

  1. What is NetWeaver?

NetWeaver serves as a unified technology platform, allowing all mySAP suite products to operate on a single instance called SAP Web Application Server (SAP WEBAs).

By utilising NetWeaver, users can access SAP data via the web (using HTTP protocol) or mobile devices. This capability helps save on training costs for SAP Client-side GUI.

  1. How would you describe the role of an SAP consultant?

An SAP consultant helps businesses use SAP software effectively. They customise the software to fit the company’s needs, making sure it runs smoothly. They also find ways to improve business processes using SAP. Their goal is to make sure the company gets the most out of its SAP investment.

  1. What exactly are the variables?

Variables within a query are defined in the measurement query specification, but they remain empty until the results are added to the workbooks.

There are different types of variables used in various applications. Common ones include formulas, text, user entry/default, characteristics, hierarchies, and processing types.

  1. Why do you think learning SAP is important for your career growth in the IT industry?

“I believe learning SAP is vital for my career growth in the IT industry because it expands my job prospects and boosts my market value. 

With SAP’s widespread adoption by businesses worldwide, acquiring SAP skills opens up diverse opportunities across various roles and industries. 

It gives me a competitive advantage and sets me on a path towards advancement and success in the IT field.”

SAP Interview Questions for Experienced

Here are some important SAP interview questions and answers for experienced:

  1. What is SAP S/4HANA?

SAP S/4HANA, also known as SAP Business Suite 4 SAP HANA, is an ERP software package that runs on the SAP HANA database. It allows companies to carry out ERP transactions and analyse business data in real time. 

S/4HANA is user-friendly and efficient in handling complex problem-solving and large volumes of data compared to its predecessors.

Organisations use SAP S/4HANA primarily to integrate and manage various business functions like finance, sales, procurement, service, human resources, and manufacturing in real-time.

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  1. Differentiate SAP ABAP and SAP BASIS.

SAP ABAP is a programming language used to develop custom applications and reports within SAP systems. SAP BASIS, on the other hand, focuses on the technical infrastructure of SAP systems, including system administration, configuration, and performance optimisation. ABAP deals with development, while BASIS handles system administration and configuration.

  1. Explain about SAP Launchpad.

The SAP Launchpad makes it easy to access corporate solutions with a personalised launchpad site tailored to each user’s needs. This service helps organisations create a central hub for third-party services, custom-made apps, SAP applications, and other services, both in the cloud and on-premises. 

Key features of the SAP Launchpad service include:

  • Application Integration: It offers a central access point for tasks and applications, integrating with various UI technologies and third-party applications.
  • User-Friendly Experience: Providing a personalised and role-based launchpad, it follows SAP Fiori 3 design guidelines for an intuitive and engaging user experience.
  • Integrations: It integrates with core SAP BTP (Business Technology Platform) services such as inbox and cloud identity services.
  • Extensibility: This framework supports customisations through shell plugins and custom branding, making it adaptable to specific organisational needs.
  1. What exactly is a posting key?
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It is a two-digit number that determines the transaction type in a line item. The Posting key dictates account types (like assets, vendors, customers, materials, and general ledger accounts), posting type (debit or credit), and entry screen layout. Special posting keys handle unique general ledger transactions.

Posting key scenarios:

  • Posting keys in SAP control entries in document lines.
  • They determine whether amounts are posted on the credit or debit side of accounts.
  • Standard SAP system delivers default posting keys, which can be modified to suit business needs.
  1. Mention what are the common transit mistakes.

Common transit errors include:

  • Return code 4: Missing columns or rows during data import, triggering warnings.
  • Return code 8: Import errors such as glossary activation, program syntax, or creation issues.
  • Return code 12: Import interruption due to missing items or inactive objects.
  • Return code 18: Import halts due to system/user downtime or restricted roles/authorisation.
  1. Can you discuss a challenging SAP project you’ve worked on and how you overcame obstacles during its implementation?

“In a challenging SAP project, we faced a critical system upgrade requiring the migration of legacy data to a new platform. We encountered difficulties with data inconsistencies and compatibility issues. 

To overcome these challenges, I analysed data structures, created custom migration scripts, and conducted thorough testing. Collaborating with cross-functional teams and proactive problem-solving ensured a successful implementation.”

  1. Have you encountered any issues with SAP integration with other systems or platforms? How did you resolve them?

“Yes, I’ve faced challenges with SAP integration, mainly due to differences in data formats and communication protocols between systems. 

To resolve these issues, I worked closely with IT teams to identify compatibility issues, developed custom interfaces or middleware solutions to bridge the gap, and conducted extensive testing to ensure seamless data exchange between SAP and other systems.”

  1. Can you explain your experience with SAP customisation and configuration, particularly in adapting the software to meet specific business requirements?

“In my experience with SAP customisation and configuration, I’ve tailored the software to align with specific business needs. This involved adjusting settings, creating custom fields, and modifying workflows to optimise processes. 

I’ve worked closely with teams to understand their requirements, ensuring that the SAP system supports their operations effectively.”

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Advanced SAP Interview Questions

Here are some advanced SAP interview questions and answers

  1. Define transactional RFC.

Transactional RFC, or Transactional Remote Function Call, allows you to retrieve a request if it was entered incorrectly into the system. This happens after assigning a unique identifier, known as a TID, to the transaction process. Currently, access to the remote system is not necessary for Transactional RFC.

  1. What are different SAP products?

SAP offers a variety of products to meet different business needs.

  • SAP ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) centralises core business processes like finance, HR, and procurement.
  • SAP S/4HANA is an advanced ERP suite with real-time analytics and streamlined processes.
  • SAP Business One is a solution tailored for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).
  • SAP SuccessFactors provides cloud-based HR solutions for talent management.
  • SAP Ariba offers procurement and supply chain management tools.
  • SAP Concur is a platform for travel and expense management.
  • SAP Customer Experience (CX) suite enhances customer engagement and sales processes.
  • SAP Analytics Cloud provides business intelligence and analytics capabilities.
  1. Have you worked with SAP Cloud Platform (SCP)? If so, can you describe a project where you utilised SCP services for application development, integration, or extension?
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“Yes, I’ve worked with SAP Cloud Platform (SCP). In a recent project, I employed SCP services for application development. We integrated different systems and expanded functionalities to meet specific business requirements, making deployment and management of cloud-based solutions straightforward.”

SAP Company Interview Questions

Here are some important SAP company interview questions and answers: 

  1. What is a company in SAP?

In SAP, a company is the top-level unit for preparing financial statements such as profit and loss and balance sheets. Each company can have one or multiple company codes. All company codes within SAP must share the same chart of accounts (COA) and fiscal year.

  1. What is the function of the company code in SAP FICO?

The company code in SAP FICO serves as the organisational unit for financial accounting. It is responsible for generating financial statements, managing transactions, and ensuring compliance with legal and regulatory requirements.

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  1. Can you describe a successful SAP project you’ve been involved in, highlighting your contributions and the outcome of the project?

“In a recent SAP project, I played a key role in streamlining procurement processes by implementing custom solutions for vendor management. 

My contributions included system analysis, configuration, and user training. The outcome was significant cost savings and improved efficiency in procurement operations.”

SAP Workflow Interview Questions

Here are some workflow-related SAP interview questions with answers:

  1. What is SAP workflow?

“SAP Workflow automates organised processes to fulfil specific business requirements. It helps users prioritise and manage tasks efficiently. 

Notifications remind users of pending tasks and milestones. In my past role, I used it to evaluate manufacturing processes for a textile company and adjust to demand fluctuations.”

  1. How does SAP Workflow function to automate processes?

SAP Workflow helps users automate processes by digitising workflows and managing decisions. It allows users to create, implement, and oversee different workflows. 

For example, a software team might use SAP Workflow to automate the testing of their programs. This helps them find and fix bugs faster, making their software better and their customers happier.

  1. Explain the different types of workflow agents.

Workflow agents carry out tasks within the workflow, like approving documents, emailing clients, or creating files. Possible agents are employees who can handle a task, while responsible agents are those assigned to specific tasks. Excluded agents are employees not involved in a task and don’t receive notifications.

Tips for Answering SAP Interview Questions

Follow these tips when answering SAP company interview questions and answers: 

  • Familiarise yourself with common SAP concepts and terminology.
  • Be prepared to discuss challenges you’ve faced in SAP implementations and how you overcame them.
  • Show enthusiasm for learning and adapting to new technologies and methodologies.
  • Practice answering behavioural and technical questions to build confidence.
  • Research the company and its SAP initiatives to tailor your responses accordingly.
  • Ask questions about the role and company culture to show interest and engagement.


So, these are the top 25 SAP interview questions and answers that can help you prepare effectively for your upcoming interview. By understanding these questions and practising your responses, you can confidently go through the interview process and showcase your expertise in SAP. And if you are looking for SAP job opportunities, visit Hirist, the leading IT job portal in India. Here, you will find the latest job openings in the SAP field from the top tech companies in India.

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